Data Definitions

For general information about indicators and measures used in Missouri KIDS COUNT, please refer to the FAQ page.

Outcome Measures

Economic well-being

Children in poverty
Number of related children under age 18 in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Available for years: 2000-2015

Source: US Census Bureau

Percent children in poverty
Percent of related children in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Available for years: 2000-2015

Source: US Census Bureau

Food insecurity for children
Number of children estimated to be food insecure. A child under 18 years old is defined as being food insecure if he or she lives in a household having problems meeting basic food needs, as measured by the Core Food Security Module of the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey.

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: Feeding America, Map the Meal Gap 2016

Food insecurity for children, rate
Percentage of children estimated to be food insecure. A child under 18 years old is defined as being food insecure if he or she lives in a household having problems meeting basic food needs, as measured by the Core Food Security Module of the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey.

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: Feeding America, Map the Meal Gap 2016

Births to mothers without high school diploma
Number of live births that occur to women who have less than 12 years of education as indicated on a child's birth certificate.

Available for years: 1990-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Percent births to mothers without high school diploma
Percent of live births that occur to women who have less than 12 years of education as indicated on a child's birth certificate.

Available for years: 1990-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Health

Low birthweight infants
Number of live infants recorded as having a birth weight under 2,500 grams (five pounds, eight ounces). Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1988-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Percent low birthweight infants
Percent of live infants recorded as having a birth weight under 2,500 grams (five pounds, eight ounces). Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1988-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Preventable hospitalizations for children
Number of hospitalizations of children under 18 for conditions that are typically dealt with successfully through prevention measures offered within primary care (such as asthma or dental problems).

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Preventable hospitalizations for children, per 1,000
Rate of hospitalizations of children under 18 for conditions that are typically dealt with successfully through prevention measures offered within primary care (such as asthma, dental problems). Rate is expressed per 1,000 children under 18.

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Child asthma ER visits
Number of emergency room/department visits for asthma-related conditions for children under 18.

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Child asthma ER visits, per 1,000
Rate of emergency room/department visits for asthma-related conditions for children under 18. Rate is expressed per 1,000 children under 18.

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Family & community

Births to teens, ages 15-19
Number of live births that occur to girls ages 15 to 19.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Births to teens, ages 15-19, per 1,000
Number of live births that occur to girls ages 15 to 19, per 1,000 girls of that age group.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Substantiated child abuse/neglect
Number of substantiated child abuse/neglect investigations for children under 18. This indicator represents the number of substantiated cases, not an unduplicated count of children who experienced child abuse/neglect.

Available for years: 1995-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Substantiated child abuse/neglect, per 1,000
Rate of substantiated child abuse/neglect investigations for children under 18. Rate is expressed per 1,000 children. This indicator represents the rate of substantiated cases, not the rate of children who experienced child abuse/neglect.

Available for years: 1995-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Education

High-school graduations
Number of students grades 9 through 12 enrolled in public schools that graduated within four years. The formula used to calculate the rate accounts for transfers in and out of a district (adjusted 4-year cohort graduation rate). Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

High-school graduation rate
Percentage of students grades 9 through 12 enrolled in public schools that graduated within four years. The formula used to calculate the rate accounts for transfers in and out of a district (adjusted 4-year cohort graduation rate). Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

3rd-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in 3rd-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Percent children with 3rd-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Percentage of third grade students who scored proficient or above on the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP) English/Language Arts test. Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year. Because standards and assessment measures have not remained consistent, we do not recommend cross-year comparisons at this time.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

8th-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in 8th-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Percent children with 8th-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Percentage of eighth grade students who scored proficient or above on the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP) English/Language Arts test. Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year. Because standards and assessment measures have not remained consistent, we do not recommend cross-year comparisons at this time.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

4th-grade math (MAP) proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in 4th-grade math (MAP) proficiency.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Percent children with 4th-grade math (MAP) proficiency
Number and percentage of fourth grade students who scored proficient or above on the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP) Mathematics test. Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year. Because standards and assessment measures have not remained consistent, we do not recommend cross-year comparisons at this time.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Algebra I proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in Algebra I end-of-course proficiency.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Percent children with Algebra I proficiency
Percentage of students who scored proficient or above on the Algebra I End of Course Exam (EOC). Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Contextual Indicators

Demographic

Total population
Total resident state population.

Available for years: 2001-2015

Source: US Census Bureau

Child population
Total resident population under age 18, including dependents of the Armed Forces personnel stationed in the area.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Children as percent of total population
Percent of total population that is under age 18.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Child population under 6
Total resident population under age 6.

Available for years: 2001-2015

Source: US Census Bureau

Children under 6 as percent of total population
Percent of total population that is under age 6.

Available for years: 2001-2015

Source: US Census Bureau

Minority child population under 18
Number of nonwhite children under age 18.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent minority children under 18
Percent of nonwhite children under age 18.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Minority child population under 6
Number of nonwhite children under age 6.

Available for years: 2001-2015

Source: US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent minority children under 6
Percent of nonwhite children under age 6.

Available for years: 2001-2015

Source: US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Children in single-parent families
Number of related children under age 18 in families headed by a person without a spouse present in the home.

Available for years: 1990, 2000, 2007-2012

Source: US Census Bureau

Percent children in single-parent families
Percent of related children under age 18 in families headed by a person without a spouse present in the home.

Available for years: 1990, 2000, 2007-2014

Source: US Census Bureau

Children in married-parent families
Number of related children under age 18 in families headed by a married couple.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015 (5-year sets)

Source: US Census Bureau

Percent children in married-parent families
Percent of related children under age 18 in families headed by a married couple.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015 (5-year sets)

Source: US Census Bureau

Economic well-being

Children under 6 in poverty
Number of related children under age six in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For counties with a population of less than 20,000, an estimate based on county-PUMA ratio is reported.

Available for years: 1990, 2000, 2007-2013

Source: US Census Bureau

Percent children under 6 in poverty
Percent of related children under age six in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For counties with a population of less than 20,000, an estimate based on county-PUMA ratio is reported.

Available for years: 1990, 2000, 2007-2014

Source: US Census Bureau

Children in poverty, ages 6-17
Number of related children ages 6-17 in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Available for years: 2008, 2013

Source: US Census Bureau

Percent children in poverty, ages 5-17
Percent of related children ages 5-17 in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Available for years: 2008, 2013

Source: US Census Bureau

Children in families receiving child care assistance
Number of children participating in one of the following subsidized child care programs: FUTURES, transitional, income maintenance/income eligible, at-risk, and child care and development block grant.

Available for years: 1990, 1992, 1994-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau

Percent of cost-burdened households
Percent of children living in households where more than 30 percent of the monthly income was spent on rent, mortgage payments, taxes, insurance, and/or related expenses. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015

Source: US Census Bureau

Family households with children at 185% of poverty level
Estimated percent of family households that have children under 18 and who are at or below 185% of the federal poverty level. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015 (5-year sets)

Source: US Census Bureau

Children in families receiving SNAP (food stamps)
Number of children in households receiving benefits under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps.

Available for years: 1990, 1992-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent children in families receiving SNAP (food stamps)
Percent of children in households receiving benefits under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps.

Available for years: 1990, 1992-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning.

Median income of family households with children under 18
Median income of family households with children under 18. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015 (5-year sets)

Source: US Census Bureau

Adult unemployment
Percent of civilian labor force that is unemployed and actively looking for work.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Economic Development, Division of Employment Security

Child homelessness
Number of children counted as homeless by school districts, based on the McKinney-Vento Act.

Available for years: 2010-2016

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Child homelessness, percent
Percent of children counted as homeless by school districts, based on the McKinney-Vento Act.

Available for years: 2010-2016

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Students enrolled in free/reduced lunch
Number of students who are enrolled in the free or reduced-price National School Lunch Program. Children from households with incomes less than 130% of poverty are eligible for free lunches; those from households below 185% of poverty are eligible for reduced price lunches.

Available for years: 1996-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent students enrolled in free/reduced lunch
Percent of students who are enrolled in the free or reduced-price National School Lunch Program. Children from households with incomes less than 130% of poverty are eligible for free lunches; those from households below 185% of poverty are eligible for reduced price lunches.

Available for years: 1996-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Children in families receiving cash assistance
Number of children in households receiving public assistance under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).

Available for years: 1997-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent children in families receiving cash assistance
Average monthly percentage of children in households receiving public assistance under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).

Available for years: 1997-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Average annual wage & salary
Average annual wage/salary per job. County data indicate annual wage/salary for all jobs located in that county. An employee may live in a different county from where they work.

Available for years: 1990-2011, 2013-2014

Source: US Bureau of Economic Analysis

Education

Licensed child care capacity
Number of spaces in licensed family child care homes, group child care homes, and child care centers.

Available for years: 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau

Licensed child care capacity, per 1,000
Number of spaces in licensed family child care homes, group child care homes, and child care centers, per 1,000 children under 18.

Available for years: 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997-2016

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau

Accredited child care capacity as percentage of licensed capacity
For a given county, the capacity of accredited child care programs divided by the total capacity for all licensed child care programs.

Available for years: 2016

Source: Child Care Aware of Missouri

School attendance rate, K-12
The percentage of hours attended by public school students grades kindertarten through 12. Numerator is number of hours attended; denominator is number of hours attended plus number of hours absent.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

English language learners
Number of children reported by school districts as having limited English language skills.

Available for years: 1999-2002, 2004-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Accredited child care facilities
Number of child care centers accredited by National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), Missouri Accreditation (MO-A), National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC), National Afterschool Association (NAA), National Early Childhood Program Accreditation (NECPA), Council on Accreditation (COA), or the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF).

Available for years: 1999-2014

Source: Child Care Aware of Missouri

Family & community

Teen unintentional injuries/homicides/suicides, ages 15-19
Number of deaths from homicides, suicides, motor vehicle crashes, and other accidents to teens ages 15 to 19. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1988-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Teen unintentional injuries/homicides/suicides, ages 15-19, per 100,000
Number of deaths from homicides, suicides, motor vehicle crashes, and other accidents to teens ages 15 to 19, per 100,000 teens of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1990-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Single parent head-of-household with children under 18
Number of families headed by a person without a spouse present in the home. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015 (5-year sets)

Source: US Census Bureau

Juvenile law violation referrals, ages 10-17
Number of referrals to juvenile courts in Missouri for acts that would be violations of the Missouri Criminal Code if committed by an adult. The count represents separately disposed court referrals, not individual youth.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; MO Office of Administration; US Census Bureau

Juvenile law violation referrals, ages 10-17, per 1,000
Rate of referrals, per 1,000 youths ages 10-17, to juvenile courts in Missouri for acts that would be violations of the Missouri Criminal Code if committed by an adult. The count represents separately disposed court referrals, not individual youth.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; MO Office of Administration; US Census Bureau

Annual high school dropouts
Number of students (grades 9 through 12) enrolled in public schools that left school during the school year without graduating.

Available for years: 1991-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Annual high school dropout rate
Percent of students (grades 9 through 12) enrolled in public schools that left school during the school year without graduating.

Available for years: 1991-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Children entering/reentering state custody
Number of entries or reentries into Division of Family Services alternative care, including foster care, group homes, relative care, and residential settings.

Available for years: 1988-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Children entering/reentering state custody, per 1,000
Number of entries or reentries, per 1,000 children, into Division of Family Services alternative care, including foster care, group homes, relative care, and residential settings.

Available for years: 1990-2015

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent children living in high-poverty areas
Percentage of children who live in a census tract in which 30% of more of the residents are at or below 100% of the federal poverty level. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2011-2015 (5-year sets)

Source: US Census Bureau

Health

Infant mortality
Number of deaths to infants under one year of age. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1988-2014 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Infant mortality rate
Number of deaths to infants under one year of age, per 1,000 live births. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1988-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Child deaths, ages 1-17
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 17. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 2006-2010 & 2011-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Child deaths, ages 1-17, per 100,000
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 17, per 100,000 children of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 2006-2010 & 2011-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Child deaths, ages 1-14
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 14. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1988-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Child deaths, ages 1-14, per 100,000
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 14, per 100,000 children of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 1990-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Child deaths, ages 15-17
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 15 to 17. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 2006-2010 & 2011-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Child deaths, ages 15-17, per 100,000
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 15 to 17, per 100,000 children of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Available for years: 2006-2010 & 2011-2015 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Unrestrained automobile fatalities for children under 18
Percent of automobile fatalities of children under 18 in which the person was unrestrained (not wearing a seatbelt or not in a car seat). Counties that had no automobile deaths in a particular time period will not have a percentage listed.

Available for years: 2010, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Transportation

Substance abuse hospitalizations, ages 1-19, per 100,000
Number of outpatient hospitalizations for substance abuse-related conditions for children and youth ages 1-19, per 100,000 of that age group.

Available for years: 2005-2009, 2010-2014 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Mental/behavioral hospitalizations (not substance abuse), ages 1-19, per 10,000
Number of outpatient hospitalizations for mental/behavioral conditions (that are not substance abuse-related conditions) for children and youth ages 1-19, per 100,000 of that age group. Conditions include affective disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, schizophrenia and related conditions, autism spectrum disorders, and adjustment-related disorders.

Available for years: 2005-2009, 2010-2014 (5-year moving averages)

Source: MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent uninsured children
Estimated percent of children who are not covered by health insurance. Figures are from the Census Bureau's Small Area Health (SAHIE) program. SAIHE estimates are based on statistical models that include data from the American Community Survey (ACS) as well as summary data from SNAP participation, Medicaid, federal income tax returns, and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) participation records.

Available for years: 2010, 2014

Source: US Census Bureau

School attendance rate, grades 9-12
The percentage of hours attended by public school students grades 9 through 12. Numerator is number of hours attended; denominator is number of hours attended plus number of hours absent.

Available for years: 2011, 2015

Source: MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Children eligible for MO HealthNet for Kids
Number of children who are eligible for participation in MO HealthNet for Kids, Missouri's health insurance program for children in low-income families, either through managed care or traditional fee-for-service providers.

Available for years: 1992, 1994-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Percent children eligible for MO HealthNet for Kids
Average monthly percentage of children who are eligible for participation in MO HealthNet for Kids, Missouri's health insurance program for children in low-income families, either through managed care or traditional fee-for-service providers.

Available for years: 1992, 1994-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Children receiving public mental health services
Number of children receiving treatment through the Missouri Department of Mental Health for serious emotional disorders (SED) as of January 1st of the year reported for whom DMH provided a service in that calendar year.

Available for years: 1994, 1997-2005, 2007-2014

Source: MO Dept. of Mental Health